In echinacea plants, the content of phenolic acid is quite high, after breeding selection, the total phenolic acid content in the leaves can reach more than 5% of the dry weight.
Past studies have confirmed that phenolic acid has multiple biological activities, including anti-inflammatory, prevent thrombosis, inhibit tumor hyperplasia, antioxidant, removal of free radicals, the medical community has found that increasing the intake of phenolic acid can reduce the concosandance of cardiovascular disease and the formation of various cancers. In ethion, phenolic acid composition is mainly chrysanthemum acid, in recent years, research has found that in the study of influenza virus cell patterns, echinacea phenolic acid can be combined with influenza virus, inhibit the virus into cell reproduction, to prevent virus proliferation and replication effect, with HIV virus infection Hela37 cell strain research shows the same effect. In addition, chrysanthemum acid has an effect on macrophages RAW 264.7 cell lines that inhibit the performance of iNOS proteins, reducing cell production of nitric oxide (NO) and reducing subsequent inflammatory reactions. On the other hand, chrysanthemum acid also has the function of promoting cell secretion interleukin IL-4 and IL-10, which activates thinamine and bird amine acidase to promote tissue rebirth.
A considerable variety of polysacins are also isolated from echinacea, and these polysacins are of different types of polysacins, including rhamnogalacturon (RG-1), arabinogalatan (AG), glucuronoarabinoxylan, and pectin-like polysaccharides. It is thought to act directly on the immune system.
Taking a rabinogalactan, purified by echinacea separation, has been shown to improve the blood complement of the complement al-properdin, which is better than the same type of polysaccharides extracted from larch. And the subjects who took the its product had better health and vitality than the controlled placebo group in the health survey.
Most studies in recent years have focused on the alkylamides, alkamides component in ethyl crealine products, which have been found to bind to CB2 cannabinoid receptors on human cells, which are widely expressed in the immune system and in the hematopoietic cells, especially tissue cells in the spleen and tonsils. The spleen is an important defense line of the immune system, containing B cells, T cells, dendritic cells, macrophages and killer cells, it can filter the blood antigens, the production of antibodies, such a discovery and the traditional view that echinacea can improve immunity reputation.
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