Propolis is a viscous solid gel formed by mixing the plant resin collected by the worker bees in the bee family insects with the secretions of the upper parotid gland and wax glands. Propolis is generally collected in the summer and autumn seasons, taken out of the beehive, and then removed from impurities.
Propolis is a traditional natural medicine with clumps or irregular fragments. The color is cyan, brown, brown, tan or dark brown, and the surface or section is shiny. Propolis will gradually become hard and brittle under 20°C. It will gradually become soft when the temperature reaches 20 ~ 40°C, and it has viscosity and plasticity. The smell of propolis is fragrant, the taste is slightly bitter, slightly astringent, and there will be a slight numbness and a spicy sensation on the tip of the tongue.
The good anti-inflammatory effect of propolis can alleviate the hepatic cell lipotoxicity caused by palmitic acid, which helps cells to recover and resist apoptosis. Among them, the main active substance phenethyl caffeate has certain anti-inflammatory effects in arthritis, osteoporosis and gastroenteritis. At the same time, it has a good regulatory effect on the body's immune system, which can help maintain the dynamic balance and relative stability of the body's immune system.
Propolis can also be used to remove free radicals generated by radiation, reduce the hematopoietic function inhibition caused by radiation, improve the body's anti-chlorination ability and immunity, reduce the risk of radiation carcinogenesis, and can be safely used in clinical practice to minimize radiation accidents. Occupational exposure, medical exposure, etc. may cause damage to the human body.
Because propolis contains a lot of flavonoids and polyphenols, like other bee products, it has a wide range of pharmacological activities, such as antibacterial, antiviral, anti-pathogenic, anti-oxidation, anti-cancer, anesthesia, wound repair, anti-inflammatory, immune regulation, Prevent dental caries, cardiovascular protection, etc. It has been widely used in medicine, health food, cosmetics and other fields.
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