Bitter gourd belongs to the cucurbitaceaer. In traditional Chinese herbal medicine, bitter gourd is thought to stimulate digestive function and promote appetite. This has been confirmed by people. It is now in the heat, we all know that eating bitter gourd is good for the body, so in addition to preventing heat stroke, heat and detoxification, what are the effects of bitter gourd?
Beauty and beauty, often eating bitter gourd can enhance the vitality of the cortex, make the skin become tender and bodybuilding; lowering blood sugar, bitter gourd extract contains similar insulin substances, and has obvious hypoglycemic effect. Nourish the liver, bitter gourd can nourish the liver, but you can't eat too much bitterness in summer, you can't eat too much bitter food, and it is best to mix it with spicy food.
2. Medicinal aspects:
Bitter gourd also has high medicinal value. In recent years, American scientists have found that bitter gourd contains a certain physiologically active protein. Injecting this protein into animals can drive animal immune cells to eliminate cancer cells.
(1) Momordicin is a crystalline substance obtained from an ethanol extract of bitter gourd fruit. Momordicin reduced the blood glucose in the body by 42% of the total number of experimental rabbits at a controlled dose of 50 mg/kg. Momordicin exhibits pancreatic and external pancreatic effects with mild antispasmodic and anticholinergic effects;
(2) P-insulin, which is structurally a macromolecular polypeptide configuration and pharmacologically similar to bovine insulin. P-insulin consists of two polypeptide chains linked by disulfide bonds. Subcutaneous and intramuscular administration of P-insulin in diabetic patients has hypoglycemic effect, and its peak effect is different from that after 2 hours of bovine insulin, which occurs after 4-8 hours;
(3) Momordica extract has been shown to be effective for psoriasis, cancer-induced susceptibility, pain caused by neurological complications, and may delay the onset of cataract or retinopathy and inhibit HIV. Its anti-cancer properties are partly due to its enhanced immune function. Studies have shown that bitter gourd extract inhibits lymphocyte proliferation and macrophage and lymphocyte activity.
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