Beetroot is a kind of health vegetable that people are pursuing. It contains a variety of vitamins and a variety of substances beneficial to the human body. Next, let’s look at the introductions about beetroot.
English name: Beetroot
Latin name: Beta vulgaris L
It originates in Europe and it was introduced to China from the Arab countries about 1500 years ago. It is also an another important source of sugar outside of sugar cane.
The shape is a bit like carrot, but it is shorter and finer. Its root is close to the sphere, rich in beetin, purple-red, is a natural source of pigment.
The characteristics of growth
Beetroot is a biennial plant. In the first year, it forms to the fleshy roots of the product organs that grow into hypertrophy. In the second year, beetroot begins to flower and seed.
Beetroot is more adaptable than cold and heat resistant. It is adapt from 12 °C to 26 °C. Seedling period is resistant to frost. The temperature at the vernalization stage is 2 to 6 ° C for 30 to 80 days. After the vernalization stage, convulsion, flowering and seeding are carried out under the conditions of suitable temperature and long daylight at 20-25 °C. Beetroot is suitable for cultivation in loam, sandy loam or clay loam rich in organic matter, loose, moist and well drained.
Whether beetroot is hot or cool
Beetroot is a food, which is suitable for cold constitution and illness. It is a warm or hot food. Therefore, it is a kind of food that is good for the body, especially female friends.
Beetroot is a hot food. So the people who are cold to avoid to eat. It is necessary to be cautious for those who are hot, try to eat less beetroot and avoid diseases that are caused by overheating. Its hot and cold nature is also related to his growth characteristics. Then let's take a look at its growth characteristics.
Natural comprehensive nutrients
Beetroot is rich in comprehensive nutrients. Such as soluble dietary fiber, protein, fat, vitamin C, vitamin B3, calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, sodium, potassium, manganese, copper and so on. It also rich in natural vitamin B12 and iron and it is a natural food to supply blood. Due to its red color, it is usually rich in saffron and anthocyanins.
The nutrients contained per 100 grams of beetroot are as follows:
Beetroot has natural red vitamin B12 and high quality iron. And beetroot also contains high levels of nitrate.
Beetroot contains a lot of folic acid and vitamins, cellulose and pectin.
During the process of making beetroot powder, there is no significant change in nutrients. The beetroot powder contains a lot of sugar, which can supplement the body.
The efficacy and function of beetroot
Beetroot not only can expel cool and heat but also can cool the blood and brighten the eyes. It contains a betaine ingredient that is an effective regulator of metabolism, which can accelerate the absorption of protein and improve liver function in roots and leaves. The juice of root leaves can quickly increase energy and increase endurance, lower blood pressure and promote heart health, which it suitable for athletes with high physical activity and old people with weak physical strength.